We still do not fully know the mechanisms that regulate our memory, but we do know that there are factors that help reinforce memories or act as a switch to help us evoke certain information.
- 1 What are mnemonic rules?
- 2 Cartoon Technique
- 3 Initials technique
- 4 Technique of places or Loci Method
- 5 Chain Technique
- 6 Creative Prayer
- 7 Numerical conversion technique
What are mnemonic rules?
The word "mnemonics" derives from the Greek mnēmonikós (derived from memory), and Technee (art). A mnemonic rule It is a simple system that is used to remember data, names, numbers, etc. relating the sequences that we must memorize with words, images, etc.
These rules are mainly used so that students can increase not only their retention capacity, but also their effectiveness in remembering the information retained in memory. Thanks to these simple techniques, the agility and speed with which the memory emerges increases considerably, and this in turn affects the academic and personal results.
In 1967, from a study conducted by Gerald R. Miller, it was found that students who regularly used mnemonic rules increased test results by up to 77%. So, what are you waiting for to put them into practice?
Here are some of the main mnemonic rules so you can start practicing with them.
This technique consists in building a story with all the words we must memorize. All the elements to be memorized should appear, although the order is not important.
For example, imagine that you should memorize the following data:
The Ebro river is the largest river in Spain, it crosses seven Spanish autonomous communities and has a total length of 930 km
Now build a cartoon with the main words. Remember that the foundation is to unite the image with action and emotion, not that the story is especially beautiful or creative.
Maria rode with her horse and tripped over a large river that carried a lot of water. It was so abundant, that not even riding his horse could ever cross it. Then he thought if it would be possible to surround him, so he asked a pastor who was near the place. But he replied: "It is impossible to surround it, this river is the longest in the country, measures 930km and crosses 7 different communities."
This technique is useful when we have a list of words to remember, we can build a word with the initial of each of them, so that the new word reminds us how each name in the list begins.
In cases where the order of the list is not relevant, we can try several combinations until the keyword is easier for us to remember.
Place Technique or Loci Method
It consists of associating each one of the elements that we must memorize with places or spaces that are familiar to us (for example, the kitchen, or the route we make from home to school, etc.)
- Mercury: the casserole has the color of Mercury
- Venus: the oil company looks like a statue Venus
- land: I can't cook with dirty hands of land
- Mars: In the cold pan the tomato as red as Mars
- Jupiter: the gas that comes out when the soup boils reminds me of Jupiter
- Saturn: the hoops of Saturn they are like those of onions
- Uranus: the fridge is cold as Uranus
- Neptune: the fork looks like the trident of Neptune
It is used to remember lists of words in a specific order. What is done is to match the words two by two in order. The first with the second, the second with the third, etc. Once the names have been matched, we can create a little cartoon that allows us to match those words.
Proceed as follows:
- The words or concepts we want to memorize are reduced to images. All concepts can be reduced to images (however abstract they may seem).
- The images must be: Concrete, different, clear and humorous or comic: because the ridiculous, sympathetic or shocking is best remembered.
- A composite image corresponding to the 1st and 2nd word is formed, where the two come together.
- The images of the 2nd and 3rd word are joined in the same way, and so on.
- A story is created that allows us to unite all the words.
For example, we must memorize the following in order:
The man Wolf heard the call of phone and went to answer, but stumbled and put his feet in the bucket of Water, that is why he was enraged, because his socks.
It consists of concentrating, through a word or grouping of them, a meaning or content of a subject.
MASPICHULA: Nemotechnics to learn the order of evolution of insects: Moreticadores, Pihips Chupadores and TheMedores.
Numerical Conversion Technique
It is the association of letters with numbers, so you can use words or phrases to remember dates, measurements, results, telephones, distances, formulas, etc.
Example: We want to remember the date 1914, when World War I began.
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With these classic methods we can memorize more effectively the content of our studies. Although it takes extra time for us to have to organize the material, doing this work allows our brain to access memory more quickly. In addition, we will prevent content learned with such effort from being retained solely in the short term memory, where the information only remains a few minutes or hours, as storage is facilitated in the long term memory, which will retain the information for days, weeks and even years.
Video on study techniques: mind maps.
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