Psychotic outbreak: causes, symptoms and treatment

Psychotic outbreak: causes, symptoms and treatment

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The psychosis It is a psychological state in which there is a strong loss of contact with reality. When a person experiences psychosis, he may suffer from delusions or hallucinations which make it very difficult to understand what really happens and what doesn't. If a person has a temporary and sudden loss of contact with reality, they may face a psychotic outbreak.


  • 1 Causes of the psychotic outbreak
  • 2 Symptoms of the psychotic outbreak
  • 3 Treatment of the psychotic outbreak

Causes of the psychotic outbreak

The psychotic outbreak can be produced by very different causes. People who suffer schizophrenia or other psychotic disorders manifest psychotic outbreaks when the positive symptoms of this disease appear. That is, the difference between one concept and another is that schizophrenia is a long-term psychotic disorder in which there are both negative symptoms such as affective dullness, such as positive symptoms such as the psychotic outbreak. The psychotic outbreak, on the other hand, is a temporary state that not only occurs in the context of such diseases, but can also appear in people who do not suffer from them. In these cases the situations in which these outbreaks occur regularly are the periods of stress Y anxiety acute and the consumption of certain drugs, especially hallucinogenic drugs.

Also other poisonings, diseases or psychological disorders such as bipolar disorder or Borderline personality disorder.

Symptoms of the psychotic outbreak

When a psychotic outbreak occurs, contact with reality is usually lost. This translates into different symptoms such as:

  • Hallucinations: Hallucinations are perceptions that occur without a real external stimulus. These may consist of visions of people or things that are not true, hear voices or even feel tactile stimuli that are not happening.
  • Delusions: Delusions are irrational ideas that the affected person presents and affirms as if they were real. Delusions can be of a very different type, such as paranoids, in which the person may believe that it is the center of a conspiracy, or megalomaniacs, in which the person states that he is a famous and important character
  • Disorganized language and behavior: In disorganized language and behavior, there is an incoherent type of speech and movement respectively.

A few days before these symptoms occur, there are some common signs that show a pattern of behavior prior to the psychotic outbreak:

  • The person can show strange behavior in which he shows incoherent ideas, rare facial expressions and even disorganized language
  • The person may have a tendency to isolate themselves by missing work or study center
  • There may be a tendency to neglect physical appearance and personal hygiene.
  • The individual may have harmful behaviors both with himself and with others

Treatment of the psychotic outbreak

This extreme psychological state usually alarms not only the person who suffers from it, who may feel that he has no control over himself, but also his relatives and loved ones. That is why the psychotherapy It can help a lot to understand and deal with what is happening, as well as provide new skills to deal with this problem.

When a person suffers a psychotic outbreak, it is absolutely necessary to treat him immediately. Due to the loss of contact with reality, depending on the content of the psychosis, the person may be able to harm himself, as there may be a risk of suicide. Also, in extreme cases people around you may suffer some damage. That is why an urgent medical intervention is essential, being very common hospitalization of the patient for several days until the symptoms have lessened.

These symptoms are usually treated with antipsychotic medications such as haloperidol or chlorpromazine, depending on the opinion of health professionals. Psychotic outbreaks can become chronic as in the case of diseases such as schizophrenia, however a person can experience a psychotic outbreak as a result of other causes such as a drug or intoxication and never present another outbreak again. If you or someone you know experiences symptoms similar to those described, do not hesitate to consult a health professional.

Links of interest

What is psychosis? Marta Guerri // blog / what-is-psychosis /

First signs of psychosis how to detect them? Marta Guerri // blog / first-signs-psychosis-detect them /

Psychosis //

Brief Psychotic Disorder Treatment & Management. Mohammed A Memon. //