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What is the name of the complex of surrounding oneself with inferior (less talented) people to avoid being eclipsed or overcome?
I have a vague memory that it was a Greek naming or one from classic literature, but I cannot conjure it up.
It's not greek, but… Wills classified this as a group behavior, and called it downward social comparison. The gist of the theory is that a person attempts to feel better about him-/herself by socializing and comparing with someone considered performing poorer in areas important to him/her.
Wills, T. A. (1981). Downward comparison principles in social psychology. Psychological Bulletin, 90(2), 245-271.
Could the OP be refering to hubris?
Typically, overconfidence led the hero to attempt to overstep the boundaries of human limitations and assume a godlike status, and the gods inevitably humbled the offender with a sharp reminder of his or her mortality.
To the Greeks, hubris referred to extreme pride, especially pride and ambition so great that they offend the gods and lead to one's downfall. Hubris was a character flaw often seen in the heroes of classical Greek tragedy, including Oedipus and Achilles. The familiar old saying "Pride goeth before a fall" is basically talking about hubris.
Related, see Superiority Complex, and Dunning-Kruger effect.
From the Wikipedia page
Narcissism is the pursuit of gratification from vanity or egotistic admiration of one's idealised self image and attributes. The term originated from Greek mythology, where the young Narcissus fell in love with his own image reflected in a pool of water.
As to surrounding themselves with inferiors… well at least in there own eyes they do.