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It is surprising the difference between the energy that some people give off in the morning and how others at night feel totally active. They are morning or evening subjects and then their differences are explained.
- 1 Owls or larks: a matter of melatonin
- 2 The key is in melatonin
- 3 Labor-level implications of being morning or evening
- 4 It is something you are born with, it cannot be modified
Owls or larks: a matter of melatonin
A person can be morning or evening, and this only indicates that its rhythm is different. That is, the energy needed to function on a daily basis can find its peak in the morning or at night, and this is its main difference.
For an evening, it will be much more natural to perform at night. At the labor level, this could be a problem, because labor schemes do not respond to a evening schedule.
Therefore, it is said that they suffer from evening syndrome those people who are much more lucid by the late or by the night, and yet in the morning they need a couple of hours before they can get to work at full capacity.
On the contrary, a morning will be much more efficient first thing in the morning, when you will feel a morning anxiety It will drive you to do many activities without feeling tired or drowsy for being too early.
The key is in melatonin
So, what does evening mean? According to psychology, the evening meaning It refers to the quality of people whose cognitive abilities increase as the day goes by, feeling mentally agile until shortly before bedtime.
From the point of view of biology, evening people Y morning They differ only at the time of day when your body makes a protein, called melatonin.
It is a substance that is secreted during sleep and that induces deep states of sleep and rest. It was studied in depth by the researcher Joseph Takahashi who, in 1997, discovered the “gen clock”.
According to their research, the “gen clock” is responsible for regulating the moment in which this protein is secreted, which can be in the first hours of sleep or in the last hours of the same.
By segregating melatonin at the beginning of sleep, the morning -also called "larks" - They rest before, they wake up before Y they finish getting tired before, leading to a routine in which most of the energy is concentrated in the morning.
On the contrary, the evening generate melatonin in the last hours of sleep, so they rest later Y they wake up sleepy, so that your performance improves as the day goes by.
Labor-level implications of being morning or evening
Therefore, extrapolating the evening meaning At the labor level, we find that work routines are basically designed for morning people, because in very few cases there is the flexibility to adapt to a evening schedule.
That is, we live in a totally morning society and, consequently, people whose maximum performance is exploded late in the afternoon have to fight each morning against their genetic clock to try to be fully efficient.
Having understood the meaning of evening and the meaning of morning, it may be easier to put yourself in the shoes of a person who works better at certain times of the day, without falling into bias of laziness and laziness against evening people.
We must not forget that it does not exist no correlation between the way the people's genetic clock Y his intelligence, it has been shown that it is a question of melatonin.
In fact, we should all be more aware of this fact, and ask if the labor system what we have favors the "larks"And harms the" owls "and therefore should be changed in pursuit of a more just society.
A first step in this struggle is the research efforts that are being made around this new concept - the "gen clock" - with the aim of understanding the differences between evening and morning.
It is something you are born with, it cannot be modified
Thus, the next time someone accuses a person who, systematically, appears sleepy at work or at school, lazy or lazy, they should consider that it may be a issue beyond your control.
One suggestion to facilitate the job performance of an owl profile would be the flexible working hours. An entry schedule with several hours of margin would be great help for evening workers.
Owls and larks are two types of equally competent organisms and the understanding of their differences, as well as the awareness that these are a genetic issue without relevance, are key to greater tolerance towards the evening.
In short, the differences between morning and evening are limited to a genetic issue about the time of sleep in which the body secretes a protein: melatonin, so some labor prejudices no longer make sense.